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Propylaea, Athens

4.6
#153 of 725 in Things to do in Athens
A propylaea, propylea or propylaia is any monumental gateway in Greek architecture. The prototypical Greek example is the propylaea that serves as the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens. The Greek Revival Brandenburg Gate of Berlin and the Propylaea in Munich both evoke the central portion of the Athens propylaea.The Greek word προπύλαιον propylaeon (propylaeum is the Latin version) is the union of the prefix προ- pro-, "before, in front of" plus the plural of πύλη pyle "gate," meaning literally "that which is before the gates," but the word has come to mean simply "gate building."Propylaea of the Athenian AcropolisThe monumental gateway to the Acropolis, the Propylaea, was one of several public works commissioned by the Athenian leader Pericles in order to rebuild the Acropolis at the conclusion of the Persian Wars. Pericles appointed his friend Phidias as the supervisor and lead architect of this massive project, which Pericles allegedly financed with funds appropriated from the treasury of the Delian League. According to Plutarch, the Propylaea was designed by the architect Mnesicles, about whom nothing else is known. Construction began in 437 BC and was terminated in 432, when the building was still unfinished.
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  • Propilei constitute monumental access to the Acropolis; started in 437 bc have never been completed. Their construction was quite difficult due to the large drop in the ground passed with a single building that connects the part with the highest one with a staircase that allowed access to the interior compartment to go to the Parthenon and other monuments. The columns of the facade are Doric style, while the interior columns are Ionic. The magnificent view of the Parthenon and other monuments opens up with difficulty at the top for the people's stop on the steps.
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  • Propylaea is the name given to monumental entrances to a specific place, usually a temple or religious complex, acting as a division between the secular and religious part of a city. The Propylaea of the Acropolis is the most famous and best preserved. I love the history, being able to meet and walk in this sacred place for Greek culture was exciting and I recommend it as an essential visit in Athens.
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  • Here is the entrance to the Acropolis. depending on the time of the day it can get very crowded. usually around mid day is when its busy and as the sun starts getting closer to the horizon its when there will be a lot less foot traffic. watch your step going up the floor can be very slick especially if it is wet
  • The magnificent entrance to the Acropolis. Was constructed of white marble on 432 BC and was restored the last years. It is 24 meters wide and 18 meters heigh. On the right side there is a small building that used as a gallery with paintings. On the left side there is the older temple of Athena Nike. Highly recommended place.
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